A perfect example of biomimicry!


Originally, the hook-and-loop system was inspired by nature. It is a perfect example of biomimicry, a science that copies nature to design new technologies!


Burdock is a plant that propagates its seeds through burs that cling to everything they touch. George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, was intrigued by these cockleburs that stuck to his dog's fur after they had been out on a ramble. This inspired him to create Velcro®, composed of two strips of fabric, one with hooks, the other with loops. The name Velcro® comes from the French words for velvet (“velours”) and hook (“crochet”). The velvet covered with tiny plastic loops mimics the animal fur and the hooks mimic the cockleburs.


At the time, how could he have imagined that this discovery would become one of the fifty most important inventions of the 20th century?


In 1958, APLIX was one of the first companies to produce and market this new fastening system.





How do hook and loop fasteners work?


The hook and loop fastener is an adjustable closure obtained by pressing two parts together. The gripping part penetrates the loop part. On opening, the hooks open and release the loop. 


The closure performance in terms of longevity, grip, and resistance to opening varies according to: 

  • the shape of the gripping element:  hook, mushroom or harpoon. Various technologies are used in their manufacture weaving, extrusion or injection moulding.
  • the construction of the loop:  density, texture and size of filaments. Various technologies are used in their manufacture weaving, knitting or non-woven.


Depending on the requirements of your application, APLIX can offer a hook & loop combination which will give you the best results.


Hook and loop closure


Mushroom and loop closure


Discover APLIX’s hook and loop products


More than 60 years of experience in the manufacturing of hook and loop fasteners have enabled APLIX to develop a full range of superior products able to respond to various performance criteria (hooking, cycle life, strengths, standards, etc.). 

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